What is overtime: What is overtime

What is overtime

To ensure compliance with FSLA’s overtime regulations, the company should conduct an audit at least once yearly. Violating the rules could cost the company more than overtime payments. The policies should involve notifying employees in writing about the employer’s general salary and overtime pay obligations.

Overtime also often refers to overtime pay, the compensation an employee receives for the additional time they have worked which is usually calculated at a different rate than regular pay. An employee’s workweek is a fixed and regularly recurring period of 168 hours — seven consecutive 24-hour periods. It need not coincide with the calendar week, but may begin on any day and at any hour of the day. Different workweeks may be established for different employees or groups of employees. Normally, overtime pay earned in a particular workweek must be paid on the regular pay day for the pay period in which the wages were earned. To calculate hourly overtime rate, multiply normal rate of pay by the company’s overtime rate.

Get up and running with free payroll setup, and enjoy free expert support. The FLSA only counts “actual work time”—when an employee is performing active work duties—when calculating overtime. Where a role potentially involves overtime, any conditions and expectations around it should be set out in an employee’s work contract. In the face of a completely disrupted business landscape, changing employee expectations, and growing scrutiny on wage fairness, Compensation and Benefits strategies are under unprecedented pressure. HR managers can consult their organization’s legal department for proper definitions of employee status of exempt and non-exempt to avoid misclassification.

Therefore, the formula to calculate a non-exempt employee’s overtime pay is the employee’s regular rate of pay x 1.5 x the number of overtime hours. However, some employers choose to use a higher rate (e.g., twice the regular hourly rate) or choose to start calculating overtime rates after 36 hours of work rather than after 40 hours per workweek. Some employers offer the standard OT pay rate of time and a half (1.5), some a double time rate, and others have a unique rate. Get an overview of what your organization’s overtime pay rates are for different roles. Ensure your business follows the legal requirements as per your state’s guidelines. Managers must also be able to keep track of their staff’s working hours to ensure everyone is paid correctly.

This is why we’ve put together a cheat sheet of 12 key compensation metrics… Directives issued by the European Union must be incorporated into law by member states.

  • To ensure compliance with FSLA’s overtime regulations, the company should conduct an audit at least once yearly.
  • Let’s examine a scenario in which you might need to pay a salaried worker overtime.
  • To protect employee rights, federal overtime laws ensure qualifying individuals receive compensation for extra work.
  • For example, in California, eligible workers are entitled to double-time pay if they meet certain conditions.
  • Companies may choose to pay workers higher overtime pay even if not obliged to do so by law, particularly if they believe that they face a backward bending supply curve of labour.
  • The overtime rate of pay varies between companies and by specifics of the overtime, such as the number of overtime hours worked.

However, there is no federal overtime law on whether employees should be paid the overtime rate for working holidays. Compensate nonexempt employees with the federal overtime rate (time and a half) unless your state enforces other overtime laws. It’s not hard to imagine a scenario in which an employer wasn’t able to raise their salaried employee’s pay rate to $684 per week. If any of your salaried employees still make less than $684 a week, you’ll need to track their overtime hours and compensate them accordingly. Overtime is any work hours that exceed an employee’s regularly scheduled working hours.

The eligibility is subject to state regulations, but the FLSA requires that all employers compensate their employees for extra hours worked beyond the normal working time. Thus, an employee might work 48 hours in one week, and 32 hours the next week (assuming over 40 hours is overtime), and be paid an extra amount equivalent to 4 hours work (8 multiplied by 0.5). To be exempt from overtime pay, an employee needs to earn more than $47,476 annually.

For example, some states, such as California, have set daily overtime standards to ensure that nonexempt employees are justly rewarded for their hard work beyond the usual eight-hour shift. This means they may still be entitled to time-and-a-half pay even if they don’t clock 40 hours a week. Yes, time and a half (1.5 times the nonexempt employee’s regular hourly rate) is the minimum overtime pay rate required by the FLSA. The only time overtime pay is given on these days is when it pushes an employee’s hours past 40 hours in that workweek.

An employer may not retaliate[8] against an employee for filing a complaint or instituting a proceeding based on the FLSA. Acts of retaliation include terminating employment, disrupting the workplace, threats, acts of physical violence, and constructive discharge. Alternatively, you can simply switch to an automated payroll system that does all the heavy lifting for you. Automated payroll systems are easy to set up and use, and they provide accurate calculations of OT pay in an instant. You need to check your local laws for any limits as to the amount of overtime an employee can legally work. In the US, the Department of Labor (DOL) has the power to investigate any pay issues via its Wage and Hour Division.

Is Mandatory Overtime Legal?

She has a diverse background in recruiting and HR management and deeply understands the unique challenges presented to high-growth companies. Saray has strong managerial and business leadership skills, making her a relentless force in solving company issues. Enjoy less admin, more automation, simplified payroll, and get paid faster with Sage 50cloud.

With Day.io, you can calculate overtime pay quickly and accurately using our built-in time tracking feature. This eliminates the need to manually enter employee hours and ensures that your employees are always paid correctly. Plus, it makes record-keeping easier, so you can access past payroll information as needed in a few clicks.

What are overtime hours?

Classes of workers who are exempt from the regulation include certain types of administrative, professional, and executive employees. To qualify as an administrative, professional, or executive employee and therefore not be entitled to overtime, three tests must be passed based on salary basis, duties, and salary level. There are many other classes of workers who may be exempt including outside salespeople, certain agricultural employees, certain live-in employees, and certain transportation employees. Employees can neither waive their FLSA protections nor abridge them by contract. Your payroll records must contain personal information like an employee’s name, address, birth date, etc. You must also keep attendance management records that indicate the number of hours an employee works each week.

  • Most national countries and states have overtime labor laws designed to dissuade or prevent employers from forcing their employees to work excessively long hours.
  • However, you may need to account for overtime with your salaried employees as well in your overtime pay calculator.
  • The federal overtime laws require employers to compensate employees at least time and a half or double time for the extra time they put in.
  • The FLSA applies to any US employer with annual sales of $500,000 or more or who is engaged in interstate commerce.
  • Before that, salaried employees who were exempt from earning overtime pay had to make at least $455 per week.
  • You have to pay them the normal wages for the first 40 hours and overtime for 10 hours.

These articles and related content is provided as a general guidance for informational purposes only. Accordingly, Sage does not provide advice per the information included. These articles and related content is not a substitute for the guidance of a lawyer (and especially for questions related to GDPR), tax, or compliance professional. When in doubt, please consult your lawyer tax, or compliance professional for counsel. Sage makes no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness or accuracy of this article and related content.

Some employers choose to pay a higher overtime rate when employees work extra hours on these particular days, but it’s not required by law. The federal overtime provisions are contained in the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Unless exempt, employees covered by the Act must receive overtime pay for hours worked over 40 in a workweek at a rate not less than time and one-half their regular rates of pay. There is no limit in the Act on the number of hours employees aged 16 and older may work in any workweek. The FLSA does not require overtime pay for work on Saturdays, Sundays, holidays, or regular days of rest, unless overtime is worked on such days. In the US, FLSA overtime requirements state that non-exempt employees who work over the 40-hour workweek should receive at least one and one-half times their regular pay rate.


In the United States the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 applies to employees in industries engaged in or producing goods for interstate commerce. In some cases, particularly when employees are represented by a labour union, overtime may be paid at a higher rate than 1.5 times the hourly pay. In some factories, for example, if workers are required to work on a Sunday, they may be paid twice their regular rate (i.e., “double time”). To protect employee rights, federal overtime laws ensure qualifying individuals receive compensation for extra work. Unless an employee has exempt status, you must follow the federal overtime law.

What is overtime

California employers must comply with both, since there are two sources of applicable law (federal and state). A company may harm themselves by docking a salaried employee for disciplinary reasons. These articles and related content is the property of The Sage Group plc or its contractors or its licensors (“Sage”). Please do not copy, reproduce, modify, distribute or disburse without express consent from Sage.

Offering this type of schedule can help you attract and retain top talent while also increasing productivity and improving morale in the workplace. A seasonal employee is an employee that a company hires to work during a specific season each year. Certain types of work hours may not count toward the 40-hour threshold. Determining the right compensation metrics to track is a vital step towards fair and equitable compensation.

Drawbacks of a Flexible Workforce

When it comes down to it, the complexities of today’s work world mean you may have a variety of employees adhering to a variety of schedules. According to a survey from Upwork, 26.7% of employees worked remotely in 2021; by 2025, over 36 million Americans will be working remotely. The FLSA applies to any US employer with annual sales of $500,000 or more or who is engaged in interstate commerce. The interstate commerce requirement has been interpreted very broadly, meaning the FLSA applies to most US employers. In the US, overtime is regulated at a federal level by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Saray is the Head of Human Resources at Connecteam, where she leads a team of HR specialists.

You have a traveling sales rep who earns commissions for each sale they make, and commission can count as salary. But for whatever reason, the sales rep doesn’t meet the DOL’s requirements for exempt employees who earn a commission. One is used for hourly employees and the other is used for salaried employees. Non-exempt workers should keep track of their weekly hours so that you can calculate their overtime pay accurately.