What are the Three Types of Accounts?

A budget is a financial plan for a defined period, often one year. It may also include planned sales volumes and revenues, resource quantities, costs and expenses, assets, liabilities and cash flows. Companies, governments, families and other organizations use it to express strategic plans of activities or events in measurable terms. Revenue is the inflow of cash as a result of primary activities such as provision of services or sale of goods. The term income usually refers to the net profit of the business derived by deducting all expenses from revenue generated during a particular period of time.

What are the different types of expenses?

Functional expense classification. The functional expense classification is a sorting and presentation method used in accounting, under which expenses are aggregated and reported by the activities for which they were incurred. Examples are benefits expense, compensation expense, and depreciation expense.

Sign up for QuickBooks to qualify for up to 50 percent discount off a paid subscription; plans start at $25 per month. Asset accounts, for example, can be divided into cash, supplies, equipment, deferred expenses and more.

Living expenses are expenditures necessary for basic daily living and maintaining good health. They include the main categories of housing, food, clothing, healthcare, and transportation. Understanding what’s involved in each of these areas will help you to budget for them. The Income Statement is one of a company’s core financial statements that shows their profit and loss over a period of time.

The 50/20/30 guideline offers a basic financial strategy for your spending and saving. The rule says that you should spend 50% of your income on your living expenses, like your rent and car payment. You should put 20% of your income in savings, whether that’s for a rainy day fund or a down payment on a house.

Any dividend received from oil company would be termed as dividend income rather than dividend revenue. Other examples of income include interest income, rent income and commission income etc. The businesses usually maintain separate accounts for revenues and all incomes earned by them. In the broadest sense, expense is the opposite of revenue, but it is not limited to that meaning. To earn a maximum profit, companies make an effort to cut down on expenses without reducing revenues.

There are five main types of accounts in accounting, namely assets, liabilities, equity, revenue and expenses. Their role is to define how your company’s money is spent or received. Each category can be further broken down into several categories. Cash flow/cash budget – a prediction of future cash receipts and expenditures for a particular time period. The cash flow budget helps the business to determine when income will be sufficient to cover expenses and when the company will need to seek outside financing.

Spending money on entertainment and clothing represent flexible expenses. Even expenses that must be incurred, such as a grocery bill, can be considered flexible because the amount spent can vary. Ironically, this often-overlooked (or underfunded) category is arguably the most important. Although saving money doesn’t have much impact on your day-to-day existence, it has everything to do with you and your family’s financial health further down the road. Without an emergency fund, you may find yourself in dire straits if you get blindsided by an unexpected medical expense, car accident, or sudden job loss.

This system was established in the 15th century and involves at least two different accounts for transactions and events. The system is characterized by credits and debts – if the sum of debits does not equal that of credits, it can be assumed that a mistake has been made.

Costs that prolong or improve the life of such assets are not considered expenses and are not tax-deductible. A personal budget or home budget is a finance plan that allocates future personal income towards expenses, savings and debt repayment. Past spending and personal debt are considered when creating a personal budget.

These expenses can be anything you want them to be — items not included in your needs or savings/debt repayment. The checklist below is meant to get you started, as your “fun money” may go to entirely different items than the next person’s. In the 50/30/20 budget, wants should account for 30% of your spending. In personal finance, flexible expense are costs that are easily changed, reduced, or eliminated.

  • Companies, governments, families and other organizations use it to express strategic plans of activities or events in measurable terms.
  • A budget is a financial plan for a defined period, often one year.
classification of expenses

You’ll also want to ensure your budget includes any debt repayment, such as for a student loan. These are costs incurred from borrowing or earning income from financial investments. Examples include loan origination fees and interest on money borrowed. An expense in accounting is the money spent, or costs incurred, by a business in their effort to generate revenues. Essentially, accounts expenses represent the cost of doing business; they are the sum of all the activities that result in (hopefully) a profit.


For the remaining 30%, put it toward personal expenses like a night out with friends or a weekend getaway. While there are likely other recurring costs in your life, they might not be considered as a living expense. For example, recreational activities and entertainment aren’t living expenses. That means your gym membership and Netflix subscription should be accounted for elsewhere.

A third category (other than income and expenses) may be assets (such as property, investments or other savings or value) representing a potential reserve for funds in case of budget shortfalls. Expenses are divided into financing expenses, investing or capital expenses, and operating expenses in statements of cash flow. Capital expenses refer to purchasing equipment and other material facilities, while operating expenses are salary payments. For example, expenses subject to depreciation are considered such only if the business entity employs accrual accounting. 50/20/30 rule to create your budget, especially if you’re a young adult.

Insurance Expense, Wages Expense, Advertising Expense, Interest Expense are expenses matched with the period of time in the heading of the income statement. Under the accrual basis of accounting, the matching is NOT based on the date that the expenses are paid. Some living expenses are fixed and won’t change often, such as your monthly rent. That means that your spending and savings might differ from month to month, and that’s okay. Having a budget ensures you’re prepared and in a good financial place for whatever comes your way.

First Type of Expenses: Fixed Expenses

Fixed expenses, savings expenses, and variable costs are the three categories that make up your budget, and are vitally important when learning to manage your money properly. When you’ve committed to living on a budget, you must know how to put your plan into action.

However, in accounting and finance, the term is also used to denote all inflows of cash resulted by those activities that are not primary revenue generating activities of the business. For example, a merchandising company may have some investment in an oil company.

Under the US tax code, buying gas to fuel assets, such as a business car, is considered an expense whereas the actual car is not. This is because it is a business-related asset and as such, it also represents a capital expense.

Any product or service that your company purchases to generate income or manufacture goods is considered an expense. This may include advertising costs, utilities, rent, salaries and others. Some expenses are deductible and help reduce your taxable income. In addition to keeping track of your business expenses, you can track income, bank and credit card accounts, store digital receipts, and run detailed financial statements in just a few clicks.

natural expense classification definition

Types of expenses include salaries to staff, depreciation of capital assets, payments to suppliers, factory leases, interest expense for loans, and utilities. Buying assets such as equipment or building is not considered an expense.

classification of expenses

There are several methods and tools available for creating, using and adjusting a personal budget. For example, jobs are an income source, while bills and rent payments are expenses.