Are You Making These 7 Common Sole Proprietor Tax Mistakes?

To get the maximum deductions for your business vehicle, you must maintain a written log of business miles. You must also jot down your odometer reading at the beginning and end of each year so you’ll know your total miles. Spend less time worrying about taxes, and let Taxfyle take care of the details, so you don’t have to. You can estimate the amount you need to pay using the worksheet on page 8 of Form 1040-ES or get help calculating your estimated payments from a Taxfyle tax pro. The default structure for a business owned by two or more people sharing profits and losses is a partnership. Income taxes and self-employment taxes are typically based on the net income of your business.

sole proprietorship taxes for dummies

Filling out the form’s worksheet will determine whether you need to file quarterly estimated taxes or not. If you want to make sure you maximize your sole proprietorship tax deductions, we recommend working with an accounting pro. Users of the accounting software Bench can be paired with a professional bookkeeper who can handle all their tax filing needs.

Filing An Application For An Extension On Your Taxes

If you sell products or services in your business, you may have to collect and pay sales tax. Your state’s department of revenue can tell you if and when you pay and file taxes. The average business owner that doesn’t know about self-employment taxes would probably think they only have to pay federal and state taxes on this money. If the average federal tax rate is 25% and average State tax rate is 5% they’re only thinking they probably have to pay around 30% in taxes, but they will be sadly mistaken.

Spouses can also jointly own and operate a sole proprietorship. Many sole proprietors get confused trying to figure out which business expenses are considered equipment vs. supplies.

How To File Your Sole Proprietorship Tax Returns

But if you’re a self-employed sole proprietor, you’ll have to do this yourself. As we mentioned earlier, as a sole proprietor, you’re responsible for self-employment taxes—the social security and Medicare taxes that an employer normally takes out of an employee’s pay. S-corporations are similar to partnerships in that the income typically flows through to your personal tax return.

  • You must file an amended return if you make a mistake on your tax return, whether the error is due to your business taxes or personal taxes.
  • This being said, in order to file your general income taxes for your sole proprietorship, you must complete the required forms on the same schedule as your personal tax returns.
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  • At least $600 by check, cash, electronic funds transfer, or wire transfer during the course of the year, you must file 1099s for them.
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Beginner’s Guides Our comprehensive guides serve as an introduction to basic concepts that you can incorporate into your larger business strategy. The agency announced on February 25, 2021, that this relief will extend to taxpayers in Oklahoma as well. There’s no need to register or incorporate your business with the state.

Supplies are things that get used during the year…printer ink, paper, envelopes, etc. Equipment typically are higher-value things that last longer than a year. Examples of equipment can include computers, software and office furniture. Rebecca LakeRebecca Lake is a retirement, investing and estate planning expert who has been writing about personal finance for a decade.

Some 2021 Tax Due Dates Extended

If your business is a corporation, the best way to go is to determine the average rate for CEOs in your industry, your region and for companies of similar size. You can get this information from your industry trade association, or from sites such as or Business accounting software like QuickBooks to track business withdrawals and deposits, and the nature of the transactions. Some small businesses are contented with just outsourcing the job to a financial firm that can handle it. One of the things I have observed to be particularly true is the underreporting.

If you unintentionally deduct your equipment as supplies on Schedule C, the IRS might determine that you incorrectly reported the expense and you’re not entitled to the deduction. Each type of tax has its own requirements for reporting and payment. So do you now have a better understanding of self-employment taxes and how to reduce the amount you pay in taxes?

sole proprietorship taxes for dummies

Whether your company will be a sole proprietorship, an LLC, a partnership, an S-corporation, or C-corporation will affect how your taxable income flows through to your personal tax return. You may apply for an automatic extension of time to file your taxes, including your small business taxes. The extension is for six months for non-corporate tax returns, so the due date for the return is October 15 . Sole proprietors are required to pay statesales taxeson taxable products and services sold by the business. In addition, the sole proprietor may have to payexcise taxesin the same manner as other business types.

Editorial content from The Blueprint is separate from The Motley Fool editorial content and is created by a different analyst team. IRS Forms 940 and 941 must be filled out to ensure you’re paying employment taxes. We discuss the difference in each form and how to fill them out accurately. H&R Block recognized that people are interested in preparing their taxes themselves, so they offer both a downloadable application and an online tax preparation program easy enough for anyone to use.

Are You Making These 7 Common Sole Proprietor Tax Mistakes?

Tickmark, Inc. and its affiliates do not provide legal, tax or accounting advice. The information provided on this website does not, and is not intended to, constitute legal, tax or accounting advice or recommendations. All information prepared on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be relied on for legal, tax or accounting advice. You should consult your own legal, tax or accounting advisors before engaging in any transaction.

State Sales, Excise, And Franchise Taxes

As a small business owner, you have a number of complicated responsibilities on your plate—perhaps none as complex and as significant as filing your business taxes. As far as business accounting goes, filing taxes is certainly one of the most time-consuming and involved processes you’ll need to complete. The extent of your tax responsibilities, however, will largely depend on the specifics of your business—including, first and foremost, your business entity type.

The content on this website is provided “as is;” no representations are made that the content is error-free. Dealing with taxes is complicated enough when you work for someone else, but it gets a lot more complex as a small business owner. You should never mail cash to the IRS, but you can still pay your taxes with cash if that’s your preferred payment method. Certain retailers are allowed to accept cash payments of up to $1,000 on behalf of the U.S. However, the IRS recommends making your payment at one of their retail partners at least seven days before the due date, so this isn’t a good option for last-minute payments.

The default structure for a solopreneur is a sole proprietorship. In most cases, a solo business owner doesn’t even have to file paperwork with their state to start a sole proprietorship – it’s the default structure for an unincorporated business with only one owner. The change in the federal tax filing deadline to May 17, 2021 does not affect estimated tax payments. They’re still due on April 15 for everyone other than residents of Texas, Louisiana, or Oklahoma. Thisnet income or loss of the business is entered on Line 31 of the owner’s Schedule C, to be included along with other income or losses of the owner for income tax purposes. The figure is entered on Line 3 of the Form 1040 if the business has a profit. A loss may be used to reduce the total adjusted gross income of the owner on the tax return if the business has a loss.

Along these lines, it’s important to remember that some tax returns, like Form 1040 and the accompanying Schedule C, must be filed annually, whereas others, like Form 941 for payroll taxes, must be filed quarterly. Of course, amounts withheld from employees and forwarded to the government by your business are not deductible to your business. For tax purposes, a sole proprietorship is considered a “pass-through” business.

The IRS has extended the April 15, 2021, estimated tax payment deadline to June 15, 2021, for taxpayers in Texas in response to the 2021 winter storms. He must pay self-employment tax of 15.3% on this income, or $1,530. He gets a deduction of half this amount, so he must pay $765 toward this tax.

The tax filing deadline is right around the corner, as April 15 is the date for individuals, sole proprietorships, partnerships, and many limited liability companies. In addition to filing an annual tax return, you generally have to make quarterly estimated tax payments if you are self-employed.

Businesses structured as LLCs have several options for how they’re taxed. The IRS may treat an LLC as a sole proprietorship if there is only one owner or as a partnership if two or more people own the LLC. An LLC may also elect to be taxed as an S Corporation or as a C Corporation. It’d take a book to fully describe everything about the taxes small businesses have to pay. You can file your tax return by mail, or you can e-file the return. The last page of the instructions for Form 1040 lists the addresses to use for mailing your tax return to the IRS. The e-filing fee will be included in your cost if you’re using tax preparation software.

How Much Do I Pay Myself As A Sole Proprietor?

Some business owners use the business’s money to pay their personal expenses without taking a salary in the belief this will save them on taxes. But this tactic can backfire and lead to substantial penalties if the IRS decides the money should have been taken as a salary.